We are excited to share journal publications like this one resulting from FORWARD data. There are many more papers currently in development, and the future for Fragile X syndrome research is bright as more data is gathered.
The goal of this study was to better understand seizures in individuals with Fragile X syndrome using FORWARD, a multisite observational study initiated in 2012 involving FXS clinics in the Fragile X Clinic and Research Consortium.
In a sample of 1,607 individuals with FXS from FORWARD, 12% had seizures (13.7% males, 6.2% females) at some time in their life. The average age of seizure onset was 6.4 years with >80% having onset of seizures before age 10 and the majority resolving by age 15. Those with seizures were more likely to have autism spectrum disorder, later acquisition of expressive language, more severe intellectual disability, hyperactivity, irritability, and stereotyped movements. Those with seizures for ≥3 years had greater cognitive and language impairment, but not behavioral disruptions, compared with those with seizures for <3 years. Most did not need more than one anticonvulsant for management.
Berry-Kravis, Elizabeth, Filipink Robyn A., et al. Seizures in Fragile X Syndrome: Associations and Longitudinal Analysis of a Large Clinic-Based Cohort. Frontiers in Pediatrics. 2021; doi: 10.3389/fped.2021.736255